Nurses save and improve the lives of people as frontline members of the health care delivery team. They are responsible to independently assess and monitor the patients and are required to take a holistic approach about the patient's condition to determine needs of patients that help them to attain and preserve their health. Nurses then provide care and, if needed, alert other health care professionals to assist.
Nurses are patient educators and are responsible for explaining procedures and treatments. They also empower patients guiding them towards healthy behaviour and support them in time of need. When patients are able, nurses encourage and teach them how to care for themselves. Nurses provide physical care only when patients cannot do so for themselves.
Roles and Responsibilities of a B.Sc Nursing Graduate
The B.Sc Nursing graduates are assigned specific tasks and responsibilities according to their qualification and expertise. The B.Sc Nursing students are considered as skilled professionals and they are hired in better positions in hospitals.
The B.Sc Nursing students are specifically hired in some specialised roles in hospitals and healthcare centres. The B.Sc Nursing students can work in varied areas of nursing profession because of their knowledge and expertise in the field of nursing.
Let’s discuss some of them below:
Neonatal Nurses care for newborn babies who are born premature or sick. In some cases, a new born baby can suffer from a range of conditions that require treatments. The premature babies have specific problems such as respiratory difficulties or nutritional needs that can be life threatening.
As a neonatal nurse one will play a crucial part of a team that ensures that treatment is given promptly and appropriately by a team to the babies. As a Neonatal nurse one will also have an important role in supporting the parents of the baby at a time when they themselves are very anxious and stressed. They are required to encourage them to take an active role in the care of the baby.
As a Neonatal Nurse one is responsible to carry out tasks like:
Prepare and medications
Managing the baby’s fluids
Recording observations and documenting a baby’s care
Initiating appropriate basic resuscitation in an emergency situation
Ensure that the baby is safe and healthy until it becomes normal
As a neonatal nurse one has to attend the births and provide care for infants directly after birth
As a neonatal nurse one is responsible to evaluate and oversee the care in the infants in NICU
She has to educate the new parents on the caring of their new infant
As a neonatal nurse one is required to run and maintain the equipment in the NICU
A staff nurse is a registered nurse who provides high-quality care to patients in the hospitals and residents in the nursing homes. They are responsible for initial patients’ assessment, monitoring patients’ vital signs and nurturing patients to recovery.
As a Staff Nurse one is responsible to:
Provide high quality patient care
A staff nurse typically assists with continuous development of staff
A staff nurse Identifies hazards in the workplace and provide solutions
The staff nurse is responsible to treat emergency injuries
They are also responsible to develop programmes to maintain health and safety
The staff nurse will give direct patient care, changing of bed sheets, mouth care, back care, bed bathing, hair wash, changing of position for patients
The staff nurse will fulfil all the basic needs (hygienic need, nutritional need) to the patients
She will take over the charge from duty nurse after the previous shift for patients
She is also responsible to prepare trolley of anaesthesia
The staff nurse is also required to check oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, emergency drugs, crash trolley and keep them ready in hand
They are also responsible to carry out instruction of O.T Sister when necessary
As a staff nurse she is responsible to monitor the condition and take care of patients during operation and post operatively in the recovery room.
Emergency Room Nurse
An Emergency Room Nurse cares for the patients in an emergency or critical phase of their illness or injury and frequently is the first point of contact for patients. Emergency Room Nurses have a range of expertise that is demonstrated across a range of knowledge and skills in emergency care units of hospitals.
The Emergency Room Nurses are the skilled professionals who have the relevant expertise and sound knowledge of the emergency care medicine and treatments. The emergency nurses play a crucial role in the lives of many patients by saving them from disaster. The presence of mind of an Emergency Room Nurse during that crucial seconds of the patient's situation in between life or death, can save the precious lives and their role is very important for the life or livelihood of a patient.
As an Emergency Room Nurse, one is responsible to
To maintain the prepared standard protocol of asepsis strictly
To maintain hand washing protocol, dress protocol as prescribed
As an emergency room nurse, one should be ready to respond and equipped to deal with the medical emergency
The Emergency Room Nurse should quickly assess the patient’s needs
The emergency room nurse is responsible to treat critical injuries, allergic reactions and trauma
The emergency room nurse performs minor medical operations
The emergency room nurse is required to clean the wounds in case of an injury to stop blood flow through that wound
The emergency room nurse is responsible to maintain emergency room standards
The emergency room nurse is responsible to check for oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide levels in patients
The emergency room nurse is also responsible to monitor ventilators and other lifesaving support systems
As an emergency room nurse, one should assist the insurance paperwork
The emergency room nurse should be capable of making strong decisions in emergency scenarios.
What do the B.Sc Nurses gain during their course duration?
The B.Sc Nurses gain certain qualities and knowledge during their graduation. This skilled knowledge of B.Sc Nursing students helps them to get hired in some crucial and important positions in hospitals.
Let’s try to understand what makes the B.Sc Nursing students the best fit for some positions in hospitals. The following are the key roles on which the B.Sc Nursing students are trained in their degree.
Skeletal and Joint System
Introduction to Physiology of Cell
Introduction to Biochemistry, Study of Cell, biochemical functions of various cells
Introduction to Study of Nutrition, meaning of food, nutrition and dietetics
Constituents of Food, Water, Protein, minerals, etc.
Different methods of cooking and their effects on food and food constituents
Principles of Nutrition, Balanced diet
Introduction- Etiquettes and Nurses
Definition and Scope of Nursing
Health Resources in the community
Observing, Reporting, recording
Aim and methods of Psychology
Motives, Drives and Needs
Feelings, Emotions and Instincts
Medical Surgical Nursing
Introduction to Surgical Nursing
Internal Defences against invasion of Pathogens
Special Problems influencing the care of patients
Maintaining the body equilibrium
Child Health Nursing
Modern concepts of Child Care
Growth and Development from birth to adolescence
Nursing care of neonate
Nursing Management in common childhood diseases
Disorders in children
The above are some of the important topics that are studied by B.Sc Nursing students in their degree course. The B.Sc Nursing students develop the expertise and these topics that make them strong competitors of the crucial and important roles in the hospitals and nursing homes.
The B.Sc Nursing students are skilled professionals who have certain expertise in nursing areas. The knowledge and expertise developed by them helps them to join better positions in hospitals and healthcare institutes for better salaries.
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