The Master of Science (MSc) in Physics degree is a two-year post-graduate course in Physics. Physics is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of matter, energy, force and the interaction between them. The course is usually undertaken after a three-year BSc in Physics graduate degree program and prepares candidates for application and research-based careers. The course provides in-depth knowledge about Physics and covers and emphasizes on the theoretical and practical concepts and the fundamentals of Physics. It also involves basic concepts of Mathematics, Geometry and Computers. Important theories and laws are taught that involve the definition and applications of matter, motion, speed, velocity, space and time, energy, pressure and force. Candidates are trained to configure and determine numerical figures, precise measurements, diagrammatic illustrations and graphical representation to explain and demonstrate natural occurrences, simple machines, analysis of natural processes and working of everyday appliances.
The course enhances personal skills like communication, attention to detail, numerical ability, teamwork, logic, presentation and analysis; and professional skills like planning and execution, problem-solving, critical thinking, analytical thinking and reasoning.
SCOPE OF MSc PHYSICS
MSc Physics graduates have multiple opportunities in the fields of Research and Technology. Opportunities can be found in:
Students can contribute as scientists in national laboratories and organizations like:
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL)
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Space Application Centres (SAC)
National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL)
Inter university accelerator centres (IUAC)
Indira Gandhi Centre for atomic research (IGCAR)
Raja Ramanna Centre for advanced Technology (RRCAT)
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC)
Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL)
Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)
Heavy Water Board (HWB) o Atomic mineral Directorate (AMD)
Students can become Research Associates in research institutes like:
Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
Institute for Plasma Research (IPR)
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational-Sciences (ARIES)
Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
Centre for Liquid Crystal Research (CLCR)
Consortium for Scientific Research (CSR)
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER)
Students can assist in laboratories and institutes of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) like:
o National Physical Laboratory (NPL) o National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) o Regional Research Laboratories o National Institute of Science (NIS) o Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS) o Institute of Materials and Mineral Technology (IMMT) o National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR)
Students can contribute in agricultural research services
Teaching positions in secondary and higher secondary schools, degree colleges, engineering colleges and universities.
Tutoring in Physics for reputed coaching institutes.
Professional certifications in specializations like:
High Energy Physics
Condensed Matter Physics
ADMISSION AND ELIGIBILITY
Colleges and universities offer admission on the basis of two main modes of admission:
Merit - colleges invite for Application Forms. Interested candidates can apply once the applications are open through entrance examination, group discussions and personal interview.
Management - students can go for Direct Admission.
Important considerations for admission:
Marks in Bachelor’s degree
Qualification in competitive entrance examinations
Important points to consider for eligibility to do MSc Physics:
Minimum 50% aggregate marks in Bachelor’s degree from any University in India or abroad recognised by UGC/AIU.
Compulsory subjects – Physics and English.
Candidates who are in the final year of their studies and writing their final year examination with 50% aggregate marks in all the semesters/years of Undergraduate Examinations.
Ratio based on both entrance exam score (85%) and academic record (15%) is considered for admission.
The entire program of MSc Physics is divided into two years with each year split into two semesters. In the two-year duration, 16 Theory papers and 7 Practical papers are covered with additional skill-enhancing programs and workshops. The course consists of:
The fundamental concepts, principles and applications of Physics
Important subjects and topics included:
Computer Applications in Physics
Relativity and Cosmology
Solid State Physics
Practical classes consist of:
Electives are included for further specialization
Guided Dissertations and Projects for practical exposure
Certification and Foundation Courses for holistic development
Study Tours to reputed national laboratories, research institutions and industries under the supervision of the department
Lectures by experienced faculty and scientists
Tutorials and Brainstorming Sessions.
QUALIFYING ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS
In order to get admission through Merit into reputed colleges in India, qualification in entrance examinations is important. The examinations may be national, state and institution-specific. These examinations:
Are NOT mandatory but may be required for certain colleges/universities to be considered for the Merit category
Consist of objective type questions with MCQs
Syllabus includes 4 main sections:
Electricity and Magnetism
Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics
Oscillations, Waves and Optics
Mechanics and General Properties of Matter
Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics
A maximum of 4 options will be given to aspirants
Negative marking may be present
After successful completion of MSc Physics course, students have many opportunities:
Research Associate in national and international research laboratories
Teacher, Professor or Lecturer in schools, colleges or universities
Public and Private companies and MNCs
M.Phil. in Physics
PhD in Physics
Diploma in subjects like Radiology and Medical Physics
INTERNSHIPS AND PROJECTS
The course curriculum of MSc Physics includes opportunities for students to obtain practical exposure. Summer internships, dissertations and projects provide a strong foundation for a career in Research. Points to remember:
Students are trained to write a clear scientific report that includes a theoretical background, experiment description, presentation of methodology, analysis of results, careful interpretation and evaluation of data and conclusion.
The Research Project is an opportunity to get hands-on training and laboratory exposure. In the final evaluation, class assignments, end-semester exam results, internships and project reports are taken into account for a candidate to earn their MSc Physics degree.
Multiple career opportunities are available in public and private academic institutions, research laboratories, atomic and space organizations, meteorology departments, telecommunication organisations, manufacturing companies, corporates, MNCs and medical industries. Potential career roles:
Subject Matter Expert (SME)
Junior Research Fellow
Graduates can find employment in many public and private companies. Popular recruiters are:
Cognizant Technology Services
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER)
Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT)
Fresh graduates can easily get jobs in popular technology companies. Job positions start as Trainee and gradually proceed to Senior Associate/Scientist. With more career exposure, project experience, skills and certifications, a salary hike of about 20% to 25% is guaranteed together with additional benefits and bonuses. The average salary after MSc Physics ranges between 5 LPA to 10 LPA. The lowest salary expected (for a fresh graduate) is between 2 LPA to 3.5 LPA and with work experience increases to 20 LPA to 25 LPA.
MSc Physics is one of the most popular natural science courses in India. The two-year MSc Physics post-graduate course is designed to prepare students for a career in research. The curriculum consists of strong theoretical concepts, practical experiments and skill-building programs that create a balance between academics and practical exposure. This degree is available for students all over India and admission is subject to eligibility criteria. Multiple internship, project and career opportunities are available in various departments, business sectors and professional fields. Graduates are prepared for ANY type of job opportunity.
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